Archive for January, 2008

News Flash: Vienna brings down the mighty NewsGator

Wednesday, January 9th, 2008

In an obvious gesture of defeat, NewsGator has announced that they — is a company a collective or an individual? — are no longer attempting to charge money for NetNewsWire. Their cover story is some mumbo-jumbo about “enterprise”. Sure, and Leopard was delayed by the iPhone. ;) What they would never admit publicly is that they realized it was pointless to compete against the best Mac RSS utility on the planet. Who would pay for NetNewsWire when Vienna is free? Not to mention open source! (Oops, I just mentioned it. I take it back.)

Let it not be said, however, that we are without pity for the downtrodden. On behalf of the Vienna developers, I apologize for destroying the commercial feed reader market. What else can I say? Ya gotta do what ya gotta do. Give the fans what they want. The battle has certainly made great entertainment, the classic David vs. Goliath tale. Once again, David (actually Jeff) has overcome insurmountable obstacles, beat overwhelming odds, leapt over tall buildings in a single bound, to emerge victorious. It’s always a thrill to see the underdog win … except the Miami Dolphins.

Yet I shall only allow myself a moment to rest on my laurels, to savor the sweet smell of success. (It smells a little like tequila, actually.) For I’ve already chosen my next target: outliners. Look out, OmniGroup!

Logging in Leopard

Sunday, January 6th, 2008

The release of Leopard has given third-party developers a lot to do: attempting to restore features lost from Tiger, for instance. (By the way, where is the second party, and why am I never invited?) My friend Rainer Brockerhoff has provided a way, or Quay, to display hierarchical popup menus in the Dock again. One of my most missed features in Leopard is using NSLog to spew output exclusively to Xcode’s console log. When you debug or run your app in Xcode on Tiger, you can put NSLog calls everywhere without worrying about polluting console.log. In my opinion, console.log is only for important messages and errors. I frequently ask users to consult it if they’re experiencing a problem with an app. Either that or the Oracle at Delphi.

Leopard dispenses completely with console.log, though there is a “Console Messages” database query in Console. Whereas on Tiger stdout and stderr standardly go to console.log, on Leopard they boldly go to system.log (as well as to the “Console Messages” query). On either version of Mac OS X, Xcode redirects stdout and stderr to its own console log, so they don’t appear in Console at all.

According to the documentation, NSLog sends a message to stderr. This is true for Tiger, and it’s also true for Leopard, but Leopard’s NSLog has the additional behavior of sending a message to system.log regardless of whether stderr is redirected. Thus, when you debug or run your app in Xcode (these may amount to the same thing in Xcode 3), messages from NSLog appear both in Xcode’s console log and in system.log! Curiously, there is no duplication of NSLog messages in system.log when stderr is not redirected.

If you prefer to keep your debug output out of system.log, the workaround for this new NSLog behavior is to abandon NSLog for debugging purposes on Leopard. :-( After much experimentation with asl, I realized that our old faithful printf would work. Since printf writes to stdout, its output is redirected by Xcode. Plus, when you’re debugging your app in Xcode you don’t really need NSLog to tell you the name of your app, the date, or your shoe size.

A limitation of printf is that it doesn’t handle the format specifier %@ for an Objective-C object. With Cocoa, therefore, we want an Objective-C wrapper around printf (like, um, NSLog). If you add the following code to your target’s .pch file, you’ll have an Objective-C debug logging function JJLog available throughout your target’s code. To enable logging in your app’s debug build, just add JJLOGGING to the GCC_PREPROCESSOR_DEFINITIONS setting (AKA “Preprocessor Macros”) in the debug build configuration.

#ifdef __OBJC__
	#import <Cocoa/Cocoa.h>
		#define JJLog(...) (void)printf("%s:%i %s: %s\n", __FILE__, __LINE__, __PRETTY_FUNCTION__, [[NSString stringWithFormat:__VA_ARGS__] UTF8String])
		#define JJLog(...)

In your app’s release build, the debug function is a NOP that the compiler will almost certainly optimize out. This conditional code should not cause problems when using GCC_PRECOMPILE_PREFIX_HEADER, because Xcode already generates a separate precompiled prefix header for each build configuration. See the .pch.gch.hash-criteria files in /Library/Caches/

You can send gobs of gab to JJLog without repercussion or remorse. However, you’ll still want to use NSLog (sparingly, please) for runtime errors in your release build. Now to continue in the spirit of this post, I’ll redirect the epilogue to /dev/null.